Directive (EU) 2019/1937 of the European Parliament and of the Council

of 23 October 2019 R. On the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law
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Starting from 17 December 2019, Member States have two years to implement in their national legal systems regulations providing i.a. new, sanctioned obligations for entrepreneurs in the field of whistleblower service and protection.

The directive aims to protect people who, in connection with their professional activity, encounter and disclose illegal activities. Whistleblower status is granted to the person who reported the breach in a work-related context.

Whistleblowers may be:

  • employees regardless of the basis of employment, including self-employed persons, volunteers and trainees;
  • members of the corporate structures of the company, including its shareholders and members, as well as members of management and supervisory bodies;
  • employees of external associates of a given entity, i.e. contractors, subcontractors and suppliers.

The overriding aim of the Directive is to provide whistleblowers with protection against broadly understood repressive actions of the employer (contractor) in retaliation for reporting violations of the law.